The Sphinx of Memphis (c. 1550-1069 BC)
Sphinxes are often guards or protectors of ancient Egyptian sacred places. Some represent kings or pharaohs, with their human faces attached to the body of a lion - an animal recognized as the ultimate symbol of power.
This sphinx was unearthed in 1912 by Flinders Petrie. It is one of the largest monuments ever made from Egyptian alabaster and is the second largest sphynx in Egypt.